Combination Treatment with 17-N-Allylamino-17-Demethoxy Geldanamycin and Acute Irradiation Produces Supra-Additive Growth Suppression in Human Prostate Carcinoma Spheroids Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Rifabutin


  • Failure to control localized prostate cancer can result not only in localized disease progression but also distant metastatic spread. Whereas significant advances in both surgical technique and radiation therapy have improved local control rates with decreased morbidity, consistent long-term control remains elusive. This study investigates the potential of 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxy geldanamycin (17AAG), a geldanamycin derivative, to sensitize tumor cells to ionizing radiation, permitting a significant improvement to targeted radiotherapies of prostate carcinoma. As a monotherapeutic, 17AAG functions to modulate the action of heat shock protein 90, ultimately affecting a multitude of cellular signaling pathways. It is in Phase I trial and has shown promise in controlling prostate cancer progression. Human prostate tumor cells (LNCaP and CWR22Rv1) were grown as spheroids and incubated for 96 h with increasing doses of 17AAG immediately before and after 2 or 6 Gy low linear energy transfer (LET), high dose-rate irradiation (Cs-137 irradiator). Twelve or 24 spheroids (initial diameter, 150-200 microm) were used per experiment. Response was determined by spheroid volume measurements taken over at least 40 days, after treatment. Incubation of either cell line with 17AAG (

publication date

  • December 2003



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 14679001

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 8393

end page

  • 9


  • 63


  • 23