Management of recurrence and follow-up strategies for patients with seminoma and selected high-risk groups
Seminoma is characterized by high sensitivity to both radiation and chemotherapy. Localized recurrences in the retroperitoneum after surveillance for stage I can be treated with radiotherapy; however, multiple or large bulky retroperitoneal recurrences or systemic metastasis requires cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Salvage chemotherapy for those who recur after initial CR to induction chemotherapy is based on ifosfamide- and cisplatin-containing regimens. Incomplete response or failure after induction chemotherapy requires high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell rescue. Patients with seminoma need long-term follow-up because of the possibility of late recurrence and the risk of a second primary tumor.