Duplex ultrasound evaluation of lower extremity venous insufficiency
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex
Physicians unfamiliar with venous insufficiency, particularly disorders of the superficial venous system, often underestimate the complexity of the problem and the importance of proper evaluation before initiating treatment. In addition to a directed history evaluation and physical examination, additional evaluation with use of a variety of noninvasive diagnostic instruments, including duplex ultrasound, may be necessary when determining the cause, severity, and best treatment options available for a particular patient. After such evaluation, the treating physician should have a precise map of the patient's pathways of venous insufficiency, including sources of reflux (eg, saphenofemoral junction, saphenopopliteal junction, perforators), tributaries, vein size, and vein morphology.