Prognosis in proliferative lupus nephritis: The role of socio-economic status and race/ethnicity
European Continental Ancestry Group
Poverty is an important risk factor for progression of PLN, independent of race/ethnicity. Hispanics have an elevated risk similar to or greater than African-Americans. Given these findings, some of the poorer prognosis of African-American patients with PLN may result from socio-economic rather than biological or genetic factors.