Variability of antioxidant-related gene expression in the airway epithelium of cigarette smokers Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Antioxidants
  • Epithelium
  • Gene Expression
  • Lung
  • Smoking


  • Cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for developing chronic bronchitis, yet only 15-20% of smokers develop this disorder. Because oxidants are the major mechanism of smoking-induced airway damage, we hypothesized that smoking is associated with upregulation of various antioxidant-related genes in the airway epithelium, but the magnitude of the response shows high inter-individual variability. Microarray analysis was used to assess levels of expression of 44 antioxidant-related genes in four categories (catalase/superoxide dismutase family; glutathione metabolism; redox balance; and pentose phosphate cycle) in bronchoscopy-obtained airway epithelium of matched cohorts (13 current smokers, 9 nonsmokers), none of whom had lung disease. There was minimal variation in gene expression levels within the same individual (right versus left lung or over time), but significant upregulation of 16/44 antioxidant-related genes in smoker epithelium compared with nonsmokers. Subgroups of smokers were identified with clusters of expression levels of antioxidant-related genes. We propose that the antioxidant-related genes demonstrating the most variability in the level of expression in smokers may be useful genetic markers in epidemiologic studies assessing susceptibility to smoking-induced chronic bronchitis.

publication date

  • September 2003



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1165/rcmb.2002-0321OC

PubMed ID

  • 12702543

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 331

end page

  • 43


  • 29


  • 3 I