Direct monitoring of coronary artery motion with cardiac fat navigator echoes Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Coronary Vessels
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography


  • Navigator echoes (NAVs) provide an effective means of monitoring physiological motion in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Motion artifacts can be suppressed by adjusting the data acquisition accordingly. The standard pencil-beam NAV has been used to detect diaphragm motion; however, it does not monitor cardiac motion effectively. Here we report a navigator approach that directly measures coronary artery motion by exciting the surrounding epicardial fat and sampling the signal with a k-space trajectory sensitized to various motion parameters. The present preliminary human study demonstrates that superior-inferior (SI) respiratory motion of the coronary arteries detected by the cardiac fat NAV highly correlates with SI diaphragmatic motion detected by the pencil-beam NAV. In addition, the cardiac fat navigator gating is slightly more effective than the diaphragmatic navigator gating in suppressing motion artifacts in free-breathing 3D coronary MR angiography (MRA).

publication date

  • August 2003



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mrm.10550

PubMed ID

  • 12876698

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 235

end page

  • 41


  • 50


  • 2