Moral judgment and the development of real and ideal androgynous self-image during adolescence and young adulthood
116 Ss at 13, 17, and 20 yrs of age responded to the Defining Issues Test and to the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI). The BSRI was divided into real self-image and ideal self-image formats. 17-yr-old and college-age males showed less preference on ideal image for masculine characteristics and more preference for feminine characteristics compared to 13-yr-old males. College-age females had a greater preference for masculine compared to feminine characteristics, whereas younger females had no preference for sex-typed characteristics. Ss at higher stages of moral judgment or with a higher percent of postconventional moral judgment were more likely to incorporate aspects of the opposite sex in their self-image. The findings are discussed in terms of both L. Kohlberg's (1966) cognitive developmental theory of sex role development and J. Loevinger's (1976) theory of ego development. (25 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1980 American Psychological Association.
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