Intraosseous epidermoid inclusion cyst in a great toe. A case report and review of the literature.
Epidermoid inclusion cysts are benign lesions that occasionally occur in the distal phalanges of the fingers but are less frequently identified and underreported in the toes. We describe a 55-year-old man with a history of work-related trauma followed by painful expansion of his right great toe, resulting in great anxiety. Imaging studies revealed a radiolucent lesion in the distal phalanx of his right hallux. Clinical differential diagnoses included the possibility of an intramedullary inclusion cyst and other various radiolucent lesions. During surgery, a cystic lesion that contained creamy material was discovered. Frozen section diagnosis of the lesion was an intraosseous epidermoid inclusion cyst. The lesion was removed and the patient recovered uneventfully. Although it has been reported that an unduly large number of phalangeal cysts have been treated by amputation, the judicious use of intraoperative frozen sections can prevent this scenario.