Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced chemotaxis does not require the G protein-coupled receptor S1P1 in murine embryonic fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid mediator, signals via G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR). The prototypical S1P receptor, S1P1 (also known as EDG-1), a Gi-linked receptor, is critical for vascular maturation during development. Recent work suggested that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced cell migration required the S1P1 receptor, representing a novel mechanism for cross-talk between receptor tyrosine kinases and GPCRs. Since both S1P and PDGF are implicated in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) pathobiology and development, we investigated this issue in rat VSMC and in embryonic fibroblasts derived from S1P1 null mice. Our data suggest that the S1P1 receptor is critical for S1P-induced, Gi-dependent migration but not for PDGF-BB-induced, receptor tyrosine kinase-dependent chemotaxis in VSMC. In addition, lack of S1P1 receptor in mouse embryonic fibroblasts did not significantly affect PDGF-induced cell migration. These data question the generality of the concept that S1P1 GPCR is a critical downstream component of PDGF-induced chemotaxis.