Comprehensive molecular cytogenetic characterization of cervical cancer cell lines
Tumor Cells, Cultured
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
We applied a combination of molecular cytogenetic methods, including comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), spectral karyotyping (SKY), and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), to characterize the genetic aberrations in eight widely used cervical cancer (CC) cell lines. CGH identified the most frequent chromosomal losses including 2q, 3p, 4q, 6q, 8p, 9p, 10p, 13q, and 18q; gains including 3q, 5p, 5q, 8q, 9q, 11q, 14q, 16q, 17q, and 20q; and high-level chromosomal amplification at 3q21, 7p11, 8q23-q24, 10q21, 11q13, 16q23-q24, 20q11.2, and 20q13. Several recurrent structural chromosomal rearrangements, including der(5)t(5;8)(p13;q23) and i(5)(p10); deletions affecting chromosome bands 5p11, 5q11, and 11q23; and breakpoint clusters at 2q31, 3p10, 3q25, 5p13, 5q11, 7q11.2, 7q22, 8p11.2, 8q11.2, 10p11.2, 11p11.2, 14q10, 15q10, 18q21, and 22q11.2 were identified by SKY. We detected integration of HPV16 sequences by FISH on the derivative chromosomes involving bands 18p10 and 18p11 in cell line C-4I, 2p16, 5q21, 5q23, 6q, 8q24, 10, 11p11, 15q, and 18p11 in Ca Ski, and normal chromosome 17 at 17p13 in ME-180. FISH analysis was also used further to determine the copy number changes of PIKA3CA and MYC. This comprehensive cytogenetic characterization of eight CC cell lines enhances their utility in experimental studies aimed at gene discovery and functional analysis.