Diagnostic utility of the HepPar1 antibody to differentiate hepatocellular carcinoma from metastatic carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration samples
The results of the current study demonstrate that HepPar1 is an effective marker with which to differentiate between HCC and CC and/or MC. HepPar1 was found to demonstrate 100% positivity in HCC cases, compared with 0% and 15% positivity, respectively, in CC and MC cases. In addition, HepPar1 is extremely helpful in limited tissue samples from FNA. Although 15% of the MC cases in the current study were found to be positive, with the help of clinical correlation and other immunohistochemical stains a definite diagnosis could be rendered. Potential pitfalls include residual benign hepatocyte staining within a non-HCC malignancy, as was observed in one of the CC cases in the current study.