Short polymers of arginine rapidly translocate into vascular cells - Effects on nitric oxide synthesis Academic Article Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Education, Medical
  • Education, Medical, Continuing
  • Specialization
  • Vascular Diseases


  • The present study was designed to determine the efficiency of translocation of short polymers of arginine into vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and to determine their effect on nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. Immunostaining revealed that heptamers of L-arginine (R7) rapidly translocated into the VSMC. This rapid transport was not observed with shorter polymers of L-arginine (R5) nor heptamers of lysine (K7). Translocation of R7 was not inhibited by the addition of free L-arginine into the media. When cells were transiently pretreated with R7 or a nonamer of arginine (R9), NO(2) production from cytokine stimulated VSMC was significantly increased, whereas incubation with R5 and K7 had no effect. Short polymers of arginine not only have a unique ability of rapid VSMC translocation but once internalized enhance NO production. Heptamers (or larger polypeptides) of arginine may be useful in therapy to enhance NO production in the vascular system.

publication date

  • December 2002



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1253/circj.66.1155

PubMed ID

  • 12499624

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1155

end page

  • 60


  • 66


  • 12