Genomic and expression analysis of the 12p11-p12 amplicon using EST arrays identifies two novel amplified and overexpressed genes
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12
Expressed Sequence Tags
We performed parallel array comparative genomic hybridization and array expression analysis of the 12p11-p12 amplicon in human testicular seminomas and an ovarian carcinoma cell line using an expressed sequence tags (ESTs) array spotted with 8254 ESTs. The data were normalized using a robust statistical modeling and the significance inferred from the local SD. We identified two ESTs within the chromosomal amplicon that were amplified and overexpressed in > or =75-100 percent of analyzed tumors with the 12p11-p12 amplicon. These sequences, belonging to coding regions of two novel genes designated here as GCT1 and GCT2, were broadly expressed in a panel of human tissues, including testis and ovary. GCT1 and GCT2 were overexpressed in 92 and 71 percent, respectively, of a panel of seminomas tested. Combined array comparative genomic hybridization and array expression analysis is a valid approach for gene discovery in large chromosomal amplicons.