Cellular basis of endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric arteries from spontaneously diabetic (db/db -/-) mice: Role of decreased tetrahydrobiopterin bioavailability
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Receptors, Cell Surface
1. Endothelium-dependent and -independent regulation of vascular tone in small mesenteric arteries (SMA) from control (db/db +/?) and diabetic (db/db -/-) mice was compared. 2. Phenylephrine-induced maximum contraction, but not sensitivity, of SMA in db/db -/- compared to db/db +/? was enhanced. 3. Acetylcholine (ACh), but not sodium nitroprusside (SNP), -induced relaxation was reduced in SMA from db/db -/- compared to db/db +/?. 4. ACh-induced relaxation of SMA was inhibited by a combination of N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine and indomethacin in db/db +/?, but not in db/db -/-. 5. Acute incubation of SMA with tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4), 10 microM) and sepiapterin (100 microM) enhanced ACh-induced relaxation in SMA from db/db -/-, but not from db/db +/? 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine, an inhibitor of GTP cyclohydrolase I, (10 mM), impaired the sensitivity of SMA from db/db +/? to ACh, which was restored by co-incubation with BH(4) (10 microM). 6. BH(4) and superoxide dismutase (SOD, 150 u ml(-1)), either alone or in combination, had no effect on either ACh or SNP-induced relaxation in SMA from eNOS -/- mice. 7. Incubation of SMA with SOD (150 iu ml(-1)), catalase (200 iu ml(-1)) and L-arginine (1 mM) had no effect on ACh-induced relaxation of SMA. However, the combination of polyethylene glycol-SOD (200 iu ml(-1)) and catalase (80 u ml(-1)) improved the sensitivity of ACh-induced relaxation in db/db -/-, but not in db/db +/?. 8. These data suggest that increased production of superoxide anions and decreased availability of BH(4) result in an 'uncoupling' of nitric oxide synthase and endothelial dysfunction in SMA from db/db -/- mice.