Predictors and prognosis of suboptimal coronary blood flow after primary coronary angioplasty in patients with acute myocardial infarction Academic Article Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Drug-Eluting Stents
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors


  • We hypothesized that certain clinical and angiographic characteristics on presentation predict suboptimal infarct artery flow after percutaneous intervention during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The goal of angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty [PTCA]) during AMI is the prompt restoration of normal flow to achieve myocardial reperfusion. However, inadequate epicardial coronary flow is observed in 10% to 20% of patients. From 2 large randomized trials-Global Use of Strategies To open Occluded arteries in Acute Coronary Syndromes-IIb, and Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Blockade With Primary Angioplasty for Acute Myocardial Infarction-patients undergoing primary PTCA during AMI were included in the analysis. A multivariate logistic model was used to identify factors associated with final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade < or =2. The 891 patients were aged (mean +/- SD) 61 +/- 12 years, 75% were men, and 39% had an anterior wall AMI. Patients underwent PTCA within 4.8 +/- 3.2 hours from the onset of chest pain. The incidence of final TIMI 3 flow was 81%. TIMI flow grade < or =2 was independently associated with increasing age (odds ratio [OR] 1.39 for every 10 years, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19 to 1.62), increasing heart rate (OR 1.16 for every 10 beats, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.28), and presence of visible thrombus on baseline angiogram (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.18 to 3.05). Conversely, baseline TIMI 2 or 3 flow grade (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.75) and left circumflex intervention (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.79) correlated with normal postprocedural coronary flow. Mortality was significantly higher in patients with TIMI < or =2 than TIMI 3 flow grade (10.2% vs 1.5%, p <0.001, respectively). Thus, angiographic evidence of thrombus and 2 pivotal clinical characteristics, advanced age and elevated heart rate, predict lack of adequate coronary reperfusion. Conversely, the presence of normal or near-normal coronary flow before intervention correlates with a good angiographic result. Mortality risk is increased in patients with postprocedural suboptimal angiographic coronary flow.

publication date

  • July 15, 2001



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S0002-9149(01)01605-8

PubMed ID

  • 11448407

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 124

end page

  • 8


  • 88


  • 2