Sentinel node procedure in lb cervical cancer: A preliminary series
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy and feasibility of sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection using a gamma probe in patients with Figo IB cervical cancer. Between January 1999 and September 2000, 14 patients with cervical cancer, planned for radical hysterectomy were eligible for the study. The day before radical hysterectomy we injected technetium(99)m-labelled nanocolloid in each quadrant of the cervix. Dynamic and static images were recorded using a gamma camera. SLNs were identified intraoperatively using a handheld gamma-detection probe. After resection of SLNs a standard radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection was performed. Patients and tumour characteristics were compared with sentinel node detection and with final histopathological and immunohistochemical results. Scintigraphy showed focal uptake in 13 of the 14 patients. Intraoperatively we detected 26 sentinel nodes by gamma probe. In 8 of 13 patients, one or more sentinel nodes were identified unilaterally, in 5 women bilaterally. Histologically positive SLNs were found in only 1 patient. We did not find any false-negative SLN in our series. In conclusion identification of sentinel nodes in cervical cancer is feasible with preoperatively administered technetium(99)m-labelled nanocolloid. A larger series will be required to establish sentinel node detection in cervical cancer for further therapy concepts and planning.