Exhaled monoxides as a pulmonary function test: Use of exhaled nitric oxide and carbon monoxide
Respiratory Function Tests
Although there has been tremendous improvement in the technologic ability to measure exhaled gases and monitor biologic processes in the lung, it has not yet found a clinical role outside the research laboratory. Common themes seem to be significant overlap in the amount of exhaled gases in clinically distinct populations, confounding variables such as infection, smoking, and environmental exposure, and lack of consistent change with disease management. If these tests are ever to be used by the general pulmonologist, consistent links between the measurements and the response to disease modification will need to be demonstrated at the very least and, ideally, the clinician would like to see improved outcomes when these noninvasive tests are employed regularly.