Activation of STAT proteins and growth control
Gene Products, tat
This review will discuss how STAT (Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) proteins, a group of transcription factors that transmit signals from the extracellular surface of cells to the nucleus, are involved in growth control. I will discuss the anatomy of a STAT protein, how it works as a transcription factor, the molecules that regulate its "activity", the phenotypes of mice that lack individual STAT proteins and their involvement in growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and transformation. Finally, a number of examples will be presented of how dysregulated STAT signaling may be involved in the pathogenesis of cancer.