Prolactin secreting pituitary tumors in men Report uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Bone Neoplasms
  • Prostatic Neoplasms


  • Gonadal function was evaluated in 10 men [33 +/- 17 (SD) yr] with pituitary tumors and hyperprolactinemia (47-2550 ng/ml) using nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT), semen analysis, urinary LH and FSH excretion, and diurnal variation of serum testosterone and PRL. Results were compared to 16 normal subjects (33 +/- 13 yr). NPT was decreased in tumor patients as demonstrated by reduced maximum circumference change (P less than 0.01) and total tumescence time (P less than 0.05). Semen analysis was examined in 5 patients able to produce specimens. All seminal parameters were significantly abnormal as demonstrated by oligospermia, asthenospermia, teratospermia , and elevated fructose. Urinary LH [570 +/- 72 (SE) vs. 838 +/- 22 mIU/h; P less than 0.01] and serum testosterone (235 +/- 60 vs. 625 +/- 63 ng/dl; P less than 0.01) were decreased in 9 tumor patients, all of whom had serum PRL levels above 50 ng/ml. Diurnal variation of serum PRL was absent in hyperprolactinemic patients whereas all had normal circadian changes in serum testosterone, although at a lower set point. Eight patients were followed for 6-13 months after reduction of serum PRL by surgery and/or drug therapy. Serum PRL reached normal levels in six men after 6 months of treatment. Selected individuals had an increase in serum LH after 2 months of treatment. Significant rises in serum testosterone occurred as early as 3 months and normal levels were found in six patients after 6-8 months of treatment. Only two subjects, however, demonstrated a normal semen analysis. These data suggest that men with serum PRL levels above 50 ng/ml maintain a normal diurnal pattern of serum testosterone at a lower set point, and demonstrate hypogonadism with reduced urinary LH excretion and NPT. In addition, routine seminal parameters are clearly abnormal and are both delayed and incomplete in their recovery.

publication date

  • April 24, 2001



  • Report

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 79

end page

  • 85


  • 11


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