Transplantation of IL-2-mobilized autologous peripheral blood progenitor cells for adults with acute myelogenous leukemia in first remission
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
In order to improve leukemia-free survival we evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of autologous transplantation of interleukin-2 (IL-2)-mobilized peripheral blood progenitor cells for adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia in first remission. Forty-nine consecutive patients (median age 49, range 21-70) with acute myelogenous leukemia in first remission were enrolled on a study of high-dose cytarabine/mitoxantrone consolidation chemotherapy with post-recovery IL-2 used as a method of in vivo purging for the purpose of autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation. A median of 2.08 x 10(6) CD34+ peripheral blood progenitor cells/kg were infused 1 day after preparative conditioning with 11.25 Gy total body irradiation and cyclophosphamide (120 mg/kg). Forty-one patients received myeloablative chemoradiotherapy followed by the infusion of IL-2-mobilized autologous peripheral blood progenitor cells. The median times to both neutrophil and platelet recovery were 16 days (range, 2-43) and 23 days (8-318+ days), respectively. Twenty-seven patients remain alive with 24 in continued first complete remission. Median remission duration for all eligible patients is 8 months, and actuarial leukemia-free survival is 49+/-15%. The actuarial risk of relapse is 43+/-16%. Toxicity of autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell transplant included treatment-related death in three patients and serious organ toxicity in 12. Advanced age was a negative prognostic factor for leukemia-free survival. Results were compared to an age-matched historical control treated with autologous transplantation of chemotherapy-mobilized progenitor cells; no significant difference in favor of IL-2 mobilization could be demonstrated. Our results demonstrate that autologous transplantation of IL-2-mobilized peripheral blood progenitor cells is feasible in an unselected population of adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia in first remission with minimal toxicity but no clear evidence of benefit in leukemia-free survival.