Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene polymorphism and circulating levels of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA in Brazilian women
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) gene polymorphisms in 83 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive women were evaluated. Fourteen of the subjects (16.9%) were homozygous for IL-1ra allele 2 (IL-1RN*2). These women had a lower median level of HIV RNA than did women homozygous for allele 1 (IL-1RN*1) (P = 0.01) or heterozygous for both alleles (P = 0.04). Among 46 subjects not receiving antiretroviral treatment, HIV levels were also reduced in IL-1RN*2 homozygous individuals (P < 0.05). There was no relation between IL-1ra alleles and CD4 levels.