Histologic classification of penile carcinoma and its relation to outcome in 61 patients with primary resection
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
A retrospective review of the clinical and pathologic features of 61 cases of penile squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), all treated by primary surgical resection at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center during the period 1949-1992, was undertaken. Inguinal lymph node dissection material was evaluated in 40 cases. All carcinomas were of squamous cell type and were classified as follows: usual type, 36 cases (59%); papillary, not otherwise specified (NOS), 9 cases (15%), basaloid, 6 cases (10%); warty (condylomatous), 6 cases (10%); verrucous, 2 cases (3%), and sarcomatoid, 2 cases (3%). A high rate of nodal metastasis and poor survival were found for the basaloid and sarcomatoid neoplasms (5 of 7 patients with metastasis, 71%, and 5 of 8 dead of disease, 63%). Only 1 patient with a verruciform tumor (defined as a tumor of nonspecific papillary, warty, or verrucous type) had inguinal node metastasis and none died from penile cancer. An intermediate rate of metastasis and mortality (14 of 26, 54%, and 13 of 36, 36%, respectively) was found for typical SCC. Penile carcinomas are morphologically heterogeneous, and there is a correlation of histologic type and biologic behavior. This mandates accurate histologic subtyping by the pathologist.