Myxothiazol induces H2O2 production from mitochondrial respiratory chain
Interruption of electron flow at the quinone-reducing center (Q(i)) of complex III of the mitochondrial respiratory chain results in superoxide production. Unstable semiquinone bound in quinol-oxidizing center (Q(o)) of complex III is thought to be the sole source of electrons for oxygen reduction; however, the unambiguous evidence is lacking. We investigated the effects of complex III inhibitors antimycin, myxothiazol, and stigmatellin on generation of H(2)O(2) in rat heart and brain mitochondria. In the absence of antimycin A, myxothiazol stimulated H(2)O(2) production by mitochondria oxidizing malate, succinate, or alpha-glycerophosphate. Stigmatellin inhibited H(2)O(2) production induced by myxothiazol. Myxothiazol-induced H(2)O(2) production was dependent on the succinate/fumarate ratio but in a manner different from H(2)O(2) generation induced by antimycin A. We conclude that myxothiazol-induced H(2)O(2) originates from a site located in the complex III Q(o) center but different from the site of H(2)O(2) production inducible by antimycin A.