Radiological evaluation in AIDS. Overview of the most common diseases
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Patients with the acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) can develop a wide spectrum of diseases. AIDS-related diseases include opportunistic infections, AIDS-associated malignancies and complications from medications used to treat complications of AIDS. Ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play an important role in the characterization, diagnosis and follow-up of patients with human immunodeficiency syndrome. While the presence of thoracic infections can best be diagnosed by using conventional chest films and CT, the assessment of cerebral complications is best achieved using MRI. The work-up of patients with abdominal symptoms should include ultrasound and CT. The use of the different radiographic methods for the detection of the numerous forms of infections and malignancies in AIDS patients is described in detail.