YC-1, a benzyl indazole derivative, stimulates vascular cGMP and inhibits neointima formation
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
The pathobiologic process of arterial stenosis following balloon angioplasty continues to be an enigmatic problem in clinical settings. This research project investigates the ability of YC-1, a benzyl indazole derivative that sensitizes sGC/cGMP, to stimulate endogenous cGMP and attenuate balloon injury-induced neointima (NI) formation in the rat carotid artery. Northern and Western blot analyses revealed enhanced acute expression of iNOS and inducible heme oxygenase (HO-1) mRNA and protein in the injured artery. The contralateral uninjured artery also demonstrated acute HO-1 mRNA and protein induction without detectable iNOS expression. Perivascular application of YC-1 immediately following injury significantly stimulated acute vessel wall cGMP compared to untreated controls. YC-1 treated sections demonstrated significant reduction in NI area (-74%), NI area/medial wall area (-72%), and NI thickness (-76%) 2 weeks post-injury. These results directly implicate YC-1 as a potent new therapeutic agent capable of reducing post-angioplasty stenosis through endogenous CO- and/or NO-mediated, cGMP-dependent processes.