Primary anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the lung: A clinicopathologic study of five patients Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse

abstract

  • Primary anaplastic large-cell lymphoma is a rare malignancy in the lung. Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma characteristically involves the lymph nodes or skin, with few reports from other sites. We studied the clinical and pathologic features of five cases of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma limited to the lungs. The patients were three women and two men aged 27 to 66 years (mean, 44.6 y) The tumors ranged in size from 1.1 to 5 cm. All patients were CD 30 (Ki-1) positive and CD 15 (LeuM-1) negative. Epithelial membrane antigen immunoreactivity was seen in two patients. Epstein-Barr virus was not detected by immunohistochemistry (four patients tested) or by polymerase chain reaction studies (three patients tested). The immunophenotypes were T cell (n = 3) and null (n = 2). Gene rearrangement studies supported the immunophenotypic findings. One patient who had underlying HIV infection died of infectious complications. One patient died at 6 months. Two patients developed recurrent disease and are alive after 42 and 51 months of follow-up. The remaining patient is alive at 8 years of follow-up without evidence of disease. ALCL can mimic metastatic or primary carcinoma and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of large cell neoplasms of the lung.

publication date

  • December 2000

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/modpathol.3880235

PubMed ID

  • 11144924

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1285

end page

  • 92

volume

  • 13

number

  • 12