Neurologic emergencies in the cancer patient
Nervous System Diseases
Spinal Cord Compression
Neurologic complications of cancer and its therapy are varied and common, but there are few true neurologic emergencies. However, when a neurologic emergency does occur, rapid diagnosis and treatment can preserve neurologic function and, in some circumstances, save a life. Epidural spinal cord compression, raised intracranial pressure (ICP), status epilepticus, and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are the most common neurologic emergencies in the cancer patient. This chapter details the clinical features, possible etiologies, diagnostic tests, and treatment options for each of these complications.