Duration of second complete remission compared with first complete remission in patients with acute myeloid leukemia
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
The prognosis for patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first relapse is generally poor. The ability to induce a second complete remission (CR) with the same chemotherapy used in initial induction therapy is limited. Remission inversion rate, defined as achieving a longer second CR than the first CR in response to standard chemotherapy for relapse, is important in assessing studies of novel chemotherapy or immunologic treatment strategies for patients with relapsed disease. One hundred and twenty-four patients entered on two Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) studies for patients with relapsed AML were analyzed to determine the remission inversion rate. Twenty-two of the 124 patients (18%; 95% confidence interval 12-26%) experienced a longer second CR duration than the first CR duration by at least 2 months. Inversion of CR duration is thus not a rare event. The inversion frequency reported here establishes a baseline upon which future studies in relapsed disease need to be defined.