Possible locus on chromosome 18q influencing postural systolic blood pressure changes
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18
Quantitative Trait, Heritable
We conducted a genome-wide scan for quantitative trait loci influencing the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse responses to a postural challenge in 498 white sibling-pairs from the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network, a multicenter study of the genetic susceptibility to hypertension. All participants were hypertensive (systolic blood pressure >/=140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure >/=90 mm Hg, or on antihypertensive medications) with diagnosis before age 60. Blood pressure and pulse were measured by an oscillometric method after a 5-minute rest in a supine position and again immediately on standing. The genome scan included a total of 387 autosomal short-tandem-repeat polymorphisms typed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Mammalian Genotyping Service at Marshfield. We used multipoint variance-components linkage analysis to identify possible quantitative trait loci influencing postural change phenotypes after adjusting for sex, age, and use of antihypertensive medications. There was suggestive evidence for linkage on chromosome 18q for the postural systolic blood pressure response (maximum logarithm of the odds score=2.6 at 80 centiMorgans). We also observed a maximum logarithm of the odds score of 1.9 for the systolic blood pressure response and 1.7 for the diastolic blood pressure response on chromosome 6p. The marker that demonstrated the strongest evidence for linkage for the systolic blood pressure response (D18S858) lies within 20 centiMorgans of a marker previously linked to rare familial orthostatic hypotensive syndrome. Our findings indicate that there may be 1 or more genes on chromosome 18q that regulate systolic blood pressure during the physiological recovery period after a postural stressor.