Spinal muscular atrophy variant with congenital fractures
A single report of brothers born to first-cousin parents with a form of acute spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and congenital fractures suggested that this combination represented a distinct form of autosomal recessive SMA. We describe a boy with hypotonia and congenital fractures whose sural nerve and muscle biopsies were consistent with a form of spinal muscular atrophy. Molecular studies identified no abnormality of the SMN(T) gene on chromosome 5. This case serves to validate the suggestion of a distinct and rare form of spinal muscular atrophy while not excluding possible X-linked inheritance.