A minimax entropy registration framework for patient setup verification in radiotherapy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
In external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), patient setup verification over the entire course of fractionated treatment is necessary for accurate delivery of a specified dose to the tumor. We are working on the development of a minimax entropy registration framework for patient setup verification using dual portal images and the treatment planning 3D CT dataset. In this paper, we present an overview of our registration framework, where an iteratively and automatically estimated segmentation of the portal image is utilized to more accurately and robustly register the portal image to the 3D treatment-planning CT data. In addition, we describe initial testing of this approach. We note that, due to low resolution and low contrast of the portal images, this registration presents a difficult problem. We also note that the registration of the images in our proposed method is guided by the bony structure visible in the portal and the 3D CT images. However, since the prostate can move with respect to the pelvic bone, we propose using ultrasound images to quantify this movement.