Herpes varicella zoster encephalitis in immunocompromised patients
The authors describe specific MRI features that suggest the diagnosis of varicella zoster encephalitis. MRI initially revealed discrete, subcortical, nonenhancing lesions that coalesced and developed enhancement. Gray matter involvement was seen later. Autopsy revealed spherical lesions of demyelination and hemorrhagic cavitation confirmed as varicella zoster encephalitis. Characteristic MR features may suggest the diagnosis of varicella zoster encephalitis, enabling definitive diagnostic testing and early institution of antiviral treatment.