Behavioral state modulation of auditory activity in a vocal motor system Academic Article Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Atrial Appendage
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Atrial Remodeling
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures


  • Neurons of the song motor control nucleus robustus archistriatalis (RA) exhibited far weaker auditory responses in awake than in anesthetized zebra finches. Remarkably, sleep induced complex patterns of bursts in ongoing activity and uncovered vigorous auditory responses of RA neurons. Local injections of norepinephrine suggested that the changes in response strength occur through neuromodulatory control of the sensorimotor nucleus HVc, which projects to RA. Thus, motor access to auditory feedback, which zebra finches require for song learning and maintenance, may be regulated through neuromodulation. During sleep, the descending motor system may gain access to sensorimotor song memories represented as bursting patterns of activity.

publication date

  • December 18, 1998



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.282.5397.2250

PubMed ID

  • 9856946

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 2250

end page

  • 4


  • 282


  • 5397