Sleep-disordered breathing in children with achondroplasia
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Vitamin D Deficiency
(1) Children with achondroplasia often have sleep-related respiratory disturbances, primarily hypoxemia. (2) The majority do not have significant obstructive or central apnea; however, a substantial minority are severely affected. (3) Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy decreases the degree of upper airway obstruction in most but not all children with achondroplasia and obstructive sleep apnea. (4) Restrictive lung disease can present at a young age in children with achondroplasia.