Radiation-induced micronuclei formation in human breast cancer cells: Dependence on serum and cell cycle distribution Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Cell Cycle
  • Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective


  • Micronuclei (MN) formation was defined as a form of radiation-induced damage in MCF-7 cells. MN appeared post-mitosis and were scored in bi-nucleated cells of cytochalasin B treated cultures. MN were surrounded by an envelope composed of inner and outer membranes, and contained fragmented chromosomes. However, typical features of apoptosis, such as chromatin margination or condensation were not observed. Reducing serum concentration resulted in a decreased MN formation, suggesting that serum factors directly affected MN formation and/or that serum depletion decreased the availability of radiation sensitive MN-forming cells for mitosis. Irradiation of G1 and S phase enriched populations revealed that S phase cells were more prone to MN formation than G1 cells. Radiation-induced chromosomal aberration can therefore be modulated by altering serum level and cell cycle distribution.

publication date

  • August 28, 1997



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1006/bbrc.1997.7117

PubMed ID

  • 9299426

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 678

end page

  • 84


  • 237


  • 3