Peritoneal lavage reduces lipopolysaccharide-induced elevation of serum TNF-α and IL-6 and mortality in mice
The contribution of peritoneal cells to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced elevation of serum TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels and mortality has been studied. Peritoneal lavage performed before LPS administration reduced serum cytokine levels by approximately 50% and mortality from 50 to 100%. The effect of peritoneal lavage is due to the removal of peritoneal cells as reinjection of peritoneal cells eliminated the protective effect of lavage on LPS-induced mortality. A special role of peritoneal macrophages in the systemic response to LPS was suggested by the finding that LPS-induced an increase in intracellular TNF-alpha and IL-6 peritoneal macrophages but in neither splenic nor bone marrow macrophages. Intraperitoneal injection of thioglycollate broth 4 days prior to lavage increased the number of peritoneal cells removed by lavage and increased protection from LPS mortality. Peritoneal lavage performed 30 to 120 minutes after the LPS administration completely protected all mice from LPS-induced mortality, suggesting the possibility that such treatment may offer a novel therapeutic approach to septic shock.