Ureteral carcinoma in situ at radical cystectomy: Does the margin matter?
Concomitant ureteral carcinoma in situ is uncommon, and is rarely associated with local morbidity. It appears to confer increased risk for upper tract carcinoma recurrence, irrespective of margin status. In our experience upper tract carcinoma recurrence is heralded by positive cytology and generally appears only with protracted followup. Prognosis appears to be determined by the bladder tumor. Given the lack of morbidity and mortality attributable to concomitant ureteral carcinoma in situ, and the limited ability of frozen section examination to assist in its extirpation, the value of intraoperative identification of concomitant ureteral carcinoma in situ is questionable and expectant management is advised.