Characterization and regulation of H-K ATPase in intercalated cells of rabbit cortical collecting duct
K-dependent H+ extrusion was investigated using fluorescence techniques in rabbit cortical collecting tubules (CCTs). Experiments were performed in split-open tubules from normal animals exposed to the intracellular pH indicator 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). This preparation permitted the study of individual intercalated cells (ICs). In the ICs, partial recovery of pH(i) was observed in response to an acute acid load upon readdition of 5 mM K to the superfusate. This recovery was SCH 28080-inhibitable (10(-5) M) and ouabain-insensitive suggesting the process is mediated by a gastric-type H-K ATPase. To see if H-K ATPase plays a role in acid secretion its function was evaluated under chronic metabolic acidosis (CMA) conditions. CMA was induced by replacing drinking water with 75 mM NH4Cl in 5% sucrose for 10-14 days. The SCH 28080-inhibitable K-dependent pH(i) recovery rate was three-fold higher in CMA ICs compared to controls. To determine the location of the H-K ATPase, CCTs were microperfused and individual peanut lectin binding (PNA) ICs studied. K-dependent pH(i) recovery was measured in response to an NH4Cl pulse. An apical SCH 28080-inhibited K-dependent pH(i) recovery process was observed in control and CMA ICs. Taken together these data confirm the existence of a gastric-type H-K ATPase in ICs of rabbit CCT. Based on our findings the H-K ATPase is found on the apical side of the cell and is stimulated under conditions of CMA.