Major electrocardiographic abnormalities among American Indians aged 45 to 74 years (The strong heart study)
Indians, North American
As part of the Strong Heart Study assessment of prevalent cardiovascular disease in middle-aged to elderly American Indians, the prevalence of major Minnesota code electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities was assessed in 4,531 participants aged 45 to 74 years (59% women) in selected tribal communities in Arizona, South and North Dakota, and Oklahoma. The overall prevalence of major ECG abnormalities was lowest in Arizona participants, (e.g., definite ECG myocardial infarction in 0.3% vs 1.8% in the other centers), although nearly two thirds of them had diabetes. One or more major ECG abnormality occurred in progressively more women (10.4% to 21.2%) and men (13.3% to 32%) (both p < 0.0001) from 45- to 54- to 55- to 64- and 65- to 74-year age groups, with the latter prevalence rates exceeding those in predominately white age peers in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Diabetes in women, but not in men, and hypertension in both genders showed positive associations with prevalence rates of major ECG abnormalities compatible with coronary artery disease or hypertensive cardiac hypertrophy. Hypercholesterolemia was not associated with ECG abnormalities except for definite myocardial infarction in women. In conclusion, major ECG abnormalities are common in middle-aged to elderly American Indians ,consistent with recent documentation of higher cardiovascular mortality in this population than in similar aged U.S. whites.