Identification of ArgBP1, an Arg protein tyrosine kinase binding protein that is the human homologue of a CNS-specific Xenopus gene
Central Nervous System
Arg and c-Abl represent the mammalian members of the Abelson family of nonreceptor protein-tyrosine kinases. To gain insight into the biological role of Arg we used the two-hybrid approach to identify interacting proteins. Using a C-terminal segment of Arg we identified a novel protein, ArgBP1 (Arg binding protein 1). ArgBP1 contains a C-terminal SH3 domain, several PEST sequences, a serine rich domain and an SH3 binding site. ArgBP1 is ubiquitously expressed as two transcripts of approximately 2.2 kb and approximately 8 kb with highest levels in brain, heart and testis. The association of ArgBP1 with Arg in living cells was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation in cotransfected COS cells. Analysis of the mechanism of association indicated that the ArgBP1 SH3 domain binds to a C-terminal Arg SH3-binding site, and that an N-terminal ArgBP1 proline-rich sequence binds to the Arg SH3 domain. Immunostaining indicated that the subcellular localization of ArgBP1 is cytoplasmic. The similarity of the ArgBP1 expression pattern and subcellular localization to those of Arg and the potential for a highly specific and potentially strong association mediated by two pairs of SH3 domain/proline-rich motif interactions, suggest that ArgBP1 is likely to be a regulator and/or effector of Arg function.