Utility of Illness Severity Scoring for Prediction of Prolonged Surgical Critical Care
Intensive Care Units
Length of Stay
Severity of Illness Index
The development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is a powerful predictor of a prolonged ICU course in critical surgical illness, even in survivors. Increased risk of a prolonged stay in the ICU plateaued at 21 days, making 21 days an appropriate definition of prolonged care for future studies. Predictive models should account for organ dysfunction and very long stays in future estimations. The combined use of APACHE III and the multiple organ dysfunction score may provide improved prediction of a prolonged stay in the ICU, but further enhancements are needed before prediction of outcome in individual patients is reliable.