c-kit ligand stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of a similar pattern of phosphotyrosyl proteins in primary primitive normal hematopoietic progenitors that are constitutively phosphorylated in comparable primitive progenitors in chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase
Neoplastic Stem Cells
Stem Cell Factor
Characteristic of Philadelphia (Ph)+ chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is the presence of the chimeric BCR/ABL (p210) protein possessing elevated protein tyrosine kinase activity relative to the normal c-abl tyrosine kinase. Our previous studies demonstrated subtle differences in the growth, phenotypic and morphologic characteristics of the most primitive subpopulations of primary lin-Ph+ chronic phase CML blasts and comparable primary lin- normal blasts. Recently, in comparing proteins phosphorylated on tyrosine in these cell populations, we reported a prominent 62 kDa phosphotyrosyl (P-tyr) protein constitutively present in primary primitive lin- CML chronic phase blasts which was virtually undetectable in primary primitive lin- normal blasts. In the present studies, we demonstrate that this P-tyr p62 from primary primitive lin- chronic phase CML blasts co-immunoprecipitates with ras-GAP. Furthermore, in addition to the p210 protein, we show in whole cell lysates the presence of other clearly consistent but less prominent P-tyr proteins with molecular weights of approximately 155, 140, 110, 55 and 45 kDa as well as more minor P-tyr proteins of approximately 190, 85, 52, 42 and 39 kDa constitutively present in primary primitive lin- chronic phase CML blasts. In analyzing proteins tyrosine phosphorylated in primary primitive lin- normal blasts in response to various hematopoietic growth factors, we found a striking similarity in the phosphorylation of four major (approximately 140, 110, 62 and 56 kDa) and three minor (approximately 51, 45 and 42 kDa) P-tyr proteins after stimulation with c-kit ligand and the P-tyr proteins constitutively phosphorylated in primary primitive lin- chronic phase CML blasts. Other growth factors tested (ie GM-CSF, G-CSF, IL-3, FLT3 ligand and EPO) were much less active or stimulated phosphorylation of other proteins. It is provocative that at least seven proteins rapidly and transiently phosphorylated on tyrosine in the c-kit ligand signal transduction pathway in lin- normal blasts may be constitutive substrates for the p210 activated tyrosine kinase in comparable lin- chronic phase CML blasts. In addition, it is intriguing that some of the biological effects on hematopoietic progenitors attributed to the c-kit ligand may be similar to some of the observed biological consequences of the p210 protein, including survival and expansion of a more mature stem cell population, probably at the time of lineage commitment rather than at the level of the earliest self-renewing stem cell.