Differential regulation of L-arginine transport and nitric oxide production by vascular smooth muscle and endothelium Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Arginine
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
  • Nitric Oxide

abstract

  • Since NO production is dependent on the availability of L-arginie, we examined whether L-arginine transport and NO synthesis are coregulated by vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells cultured from the same vessel wall source. L-Arginine transport by both bovine aortic smooth muscle cells (BASMCs) and endothelial cells (BAECs) was primarily Na+ independent (approximately 70%) and was mediated by both a high- and low-affinity transport system. Treatment of BASMCs with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) resulted in a significant increase in L-arginine transport (approximately 20%) and in the induction of NO release. Exposure of BASMCs to interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) also stimulated NO release but did not affect L-arginine transport. In contrast, incubation of BAECs with TNF-alpha or LPS strikingly enhanced L-arginine uptake (2.5-fold), whereas IL-1 beta and IFN-gamma had no effect. Treatment of BAECs with any of the inflammatory mediators did not stimulate NO production. These results demonstrate that L-arginine uptake and NO synthesis by these cells are differentially regulated. In BASMCs, the coinduction of L-arginine transport and NO formation may function to provide increased levels of substrate to the cell during activation of the NO synthase enzyme. In contrast, the selective stimulation of L-arginine uptake in BAECs indicates that L-arginine transport is dissociated from NO generation in these cells.

publication date

  • June 1996

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 8635238

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1075

end page

  • 82

volume

  • 78

number

  • 6