Reduction of development of left ventricular hypertrophy in salt-loaded Dahl salt-sensitive rats by angiotensin II receptor inhibition Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Angiotensins
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Blood Pressure
  • Extracellular Fluid
  • Renin
  • Renin-Angiotensin System
  • Sodium

abstract

  • To determine the effect of the angiotensin II AT1 receptor antagonist losartan (DuP753) on echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) anatomy in Dahl rats on high sodium diet, 27 Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl-S, 13 on drug and 14 receiving tap water) and 27 Dahl salt-resistant rats (Dahl-R, 13 on drug and 14 receiving tap water) were studied by M-mode echocardiography during 8 weeks of 8% NaCl diet. At the endpoint (after 8 weeks or the last echocardiogram for animals who died earlier), Dahl-S receiving losartan had lower LV mass (1.6 +/- 0.4 g/kg 0.59) than Dahl-S receiving tap water (2.2 +/- 0.7 g/kg 0.59; P < .005), although blood pressure was only partially reduced (167 +/- 29 v 195 +/- 52; P = .05). This difference was mainly due to lower LV wall thickness (P < .02), with a less consistent decrease in LV chamber size in Dahl-S receiving losartan. Blood pressure was normal in Dahl-R (tap water group = 116 +/- 11 mm Hg; losartan group = 115 +/- 13 mm Hg) and losartan had no effect on LV mass (1.6 +/- 0.4 g/kg 0.59) in both groups). In the majority of rats, echocardiographic measurements were compared between the end of second or third week and the last available study: LV mass increased in salt-loaded Dahl-S receiving tap water (1.6+/- 0.6 to 2.1 +/- 0.7 g/kg 0.59, P < .04) and was stable in Dahl-S receiving losartan (1.5 +/- 0.1 to 1.5 +/- 0.3 g/kg 0.59), paralleling changes in LV chamber dimension. Thus, a high salt diet leads to hypertension and eccentric LV hypertrophy in Dahl-S but not in Dahl-R. Inhibition of angiotensin II AT1 receptors reduces the development of LV hypertrophy in Dahl-S rats despite lack of efficient control of blood pressure.

publication date

  • March 1996

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0895-7061(95)00338-X

PubMed ID

  • 8695019

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 216

end page

  • 22

volume

  • 9

number

  • 3