Platelet-derived growth factor-dependent activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is regulated by receptor binding of SH2- domain-containing proteins which influence Ras activity
Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Upon binding of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), the PDGF beta receptor (PDGFR) undergoes autophosphorylation on distinct tyrosine residues and binds several SH2-domain-containing signal relay enzymes, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), phospholipase C gamma (PLC gamma), the GTPase-activating protein of Ras (RasGAP), and the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2. In this study, we have investigated whether PDGF-dependent PI3K activation is affected by the other proteins that associate with the PDGFR. We constructed and characterized a series of PDGFR mutants which contain binding sites for PI3K as well as one additional protein, either RasGAP, SHP-2, or PLC gamma. While all of the receptors had wild-type levels of PDGF-stimulated tyrosine kinase activity and associated with comparable amounts of PI3K activity, their abilities to trigger accumulation of PI3K products in vivo differed dramatically. The wild-type receptor, as well as receptors that recruited PI3K or PI3K and SHP-2, were all capable of fully activating PI3K. In contrast, receptors that associated with PI3K and RasGAP or PI3K and PLC gamma displayed a greatly reduced ability to stimulate production of PI3K products. When this series of receptors was tested for their ability to activate Ras, we observed a strong positive correlation between Ras activation and PI3K activation. Further investigation of the relationship between Ras and PI3K indicated that Ras was upstream of PI3K. Thus, activation of PI3K requires not only binding of PI3K to the tyrosine-phosphorylated PDGFR but accumulation of GTP-bound Ras as well. Furthermore, PLC gamma and RasGAP negatively modulate PDGF-dependent PI3K activation. Finally, PDGF-stimulated signal relay can be regulated by altering the ratio of SH2-domain-containing enzymes that are recruited to the PDGFR.