Long-term results after resection for gallbladder cancer: Implications for staging and management
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic
Patients with nodal metastasis beyond the pericholedochal nodes should not be considered for curative resection. Tumors staged T4, NO should be included with stage III disease, and resection should be considered. Re-resection of T2 or T3 tumors after simple cholecystectomy is likely to include residual disease and should thus provide the only chance for long-term survival.