The inositol 5'-phosphatase SHIP binds to immunoreceptor signaling motifs and responds to high affinity IgE receptor aggregation
Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures
Immunoreceptors such as the high affinity IgE receptor, FcepsilonRI, and T-cell receptor-associated proteins share a common motif, the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). We used the yeast tribrid system to identify downstream effectors of the phosphorylated FcepsilonRI ITAM-containing subunits beta and gamma. One novel cDNA was isolated that encodes a protein that is phosphorylated on tyrosine, contains a Src-homology 2 (SH2) domain, inositolpolyphosphate 5-phosphatase activity, three NXXY motifs, several proline-rich regions, and is called SHIP. Mutation of the conserved tyrosine or leucine residues within the FcepsilonRI beta or gamma ITAMs eliminates SHIP binding and indicates that the SHIP-ITAM interaction is specific. SHIP also binds to ITAMs from the CD3 complex and T cell receptor zeta chain in vitro. SHIP protein possesses both phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 5'-phosphatase and inositol-1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate 5'-phosphatase activity. Phosphorylation of SHIP by a protein-tyrosine kinase, Lck, results in a reduction in enzyme activity. FcepsilonRI activation induces the association of several tyrosine phosphoproteins with SHIP. SHIP is constitutively tyrosine-phosphorylated and associated with Shc and Grb2. These data suggest that SHIP may serve as a multifunctional linker protein in receptor activation.