Regional delivery of an adenovirus vector containing the Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase gene to provide local activation of 5-fluorocytosine to suppress the growth of colon carcinoma metastatic to liver
Gene Transfer Techniques
To evaluate the hypothesis that regional delivery of an adenovirus vector containing the Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase gene (AdCMV.CD) together with systemic 5-FC could suppress the growth of metastatic colon cancer in the liver, the AdCMV.CD vector was injected 0.8-1 cm from the site of a human colon cancer tumor in the livers of nude mice. The growth of the human colon cancer cells was quantified by dot blot analysis of genomic DNA extracted from tumor-bearing liver, hybridized with a human-specific Alu probe. The combination of regional AdCMV.CD plus systemic 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) suppressed the growth of the metastatic tumors over the 21 days of evaluation following vector administration. Histologic evaluation showed necrosis at the site of the tumor in the livers of mice treated with AdCMV.CD/5-FC, but not in control groups. Evaluation of the potential toxicity of AdCMV.CD plus 5-FC on the normal liver showed only mild, self-limited dose-related inflammation, with no deaths. These data suggest that the regional administration of AdCMV.CD together with systemic 5-FC may be a safe and effective strategy to suppress the growth of metastases of colorectal carcinoma in the liver.