Prevalence and determinants of cardiac and vascular hypertrophy in hypertension Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Carotid Arteries
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular


  • Hypertrophy of the capacitance arteries has recently been documented in hypertensive patients by noninvasive ultrasound techniques. To better define the prevalence and determinants of vascular hypertrophy and its potential association with ventricular hypertrophy in hypertension, we compared carotid and cardiac ultrasound findings in 172 normotensive and 172 unmedicated hypertensive subjects matched for age and sex. Despite similar body size, hypertension was associated with increased left ventricular wall thicknesses, mass, and mass index (89 versus 80 g/m2, P < .0001 for all comparisons) and increased carotid wall thickness (0.82 versus 0.77 mm) and cross-section area (17.1 versus 15.3 mm2, P < .005 for both comparisons). Among the 172 normotensive subjects, left ventricular hypertrophy was noted in 9 (5.2%) and arterial hypertrophy was found in 9 (5.2%), whereas ventricular hypertrophy was found in 21 (12.2%) and arterial hypertrophy in 19 (11%) hypertensive subjects. Arterial hypertrophy was found in 9% of hypertensive subjects with normal ventricular mass and in 24% with left ventricular hypertrophy (P < .05). Among hypertensive subjects carotid wall thickness and cross-sectional area were most strongly related to age and systolic pressure (P < .0001 for all comparisons), with little contribution form body size. Carotid relative wall thickness was only related to increasing age (P < .01). In contrast, left ventricular wall thickness and mass were strongly related to body size and systolic pressure (P < .0001 for comparisons) but not to age (P = NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1995



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 7635548

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 369

end page

  • 73


  • 26


  • 2