Differential Expression of Protein Kinase C Isoforms in Human Colorectal Cancers Academic Article Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Catheterization, Central Venous
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional
  • Veins


  • Protein kinase C (PKC), a serine/threonine kinase central to signal transduction, is implicated in tumor promotion. At present, 10 PKC isoforms have been cloned but their precise tissue-specific role has yet to be defined. In order to determine if PKC is reduced in colorectal cancers (CRC) and if specific PKC isoforms are altered in different stages of human CRC progression, total RNA was extracted from human primary CRC, liver metastases, paired normal mucosa, and liver as well as CRC cell lines and examined for specific PKC isoform mRNA expression. PKC-alpha, beta II, delta, epsilon, eta(L), theta, and zeta were expressed in all tissues examined, while PKC-beta I was not detected. PKC-alpha, beta II, delta, epsilon, and zeta were decreased in most primary CRC. However, the reduction in PKC-beta II was greatest in advanced primary CRC (P < 0.05). Although PKC-gamma was detected in about 29.6% of primary CRC and liver metastases, it was absent from all corresponding normal tissue. In addition, a second band hybridizing to our PKC-gamma probe was uniquely present only in cancerous tissue and not in brain control, suggestive of alternative splicing. PKC-alpha, delta, epsilon, and zeta were present in all cell lines. PKC-beta I/II were both uniformly absent from all cell lines. Since mRNA expression for most PKC isoforms is decreased in CRC, the previously reported decreases in overall PKC activity in CRC are not solely due to a post-translational enzyme modification.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • February 1995



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1006/jsre.1995.1036

PubMed ID

  • 7861778

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 233

end page

  • 9


  • 58


  • 2